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Silent contributors to injury - illness - performance, 18-19 March 2016 : Session 2 - Pathology : Changes in muscle morphology, neuromuscular capacity and tendon function with training: implications for athletic performance, patient rehabilitation and aging individuals / Per Aagaard.
Available for Clearinghouse for Sport member groups B, C, D & E only. Presenter : Per Aagaard is Professor in Biomechanics at the Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark. He also holds a position as Guest Professor at the Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. His research covers the adaptive change in neuromuscular function and muscle morphology/architecture induced by training and detraining/inactivity, including aging and immobilization. His research has focused on the effect of resistance training on musculoskeletal health and neuromuscular function in young and old adults, myogenic stem cell activation with acute exercise and long-term training, antagonist muscle coactivation, spinal motor function during walking and running, in vivo muscle-aponeurosis-tendon function, knee ligament (ACL) injury, muscle-tendon injury, tendinopathy, and exercise/training/biomechanical analysis in elite sports including aging master athletes. He currently has authored 212 peer-reviewed publications in international scientific journals and textbooks, which have been cited +7500 times, corresponding to an average number of citations per year of 370 and an H-index of 54. In addition, he has been author on 291 conference abstracts presented at international scientific conferences and meetings. Per Aagaard also serves as Associate Editor of various international scientific journals (Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Exerc. Sports Sci. Reviews, Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports) and serves as peer reviewer for a large number of other international scientific journals. This Symposium was jointly presented by Sports Medicine Australia ACT and the Australian Institute of Sport. Sub themes for the conference include: Planning Periodisation – Training errors, planning for performance, monitoring injury/illness/performance, planning for the gaps and travel ; Pathology Specific – Muscle, tendon, pain, mental health, gender ; Medical – Iron, Viral, respiratory, infectious diseases, vitamins, probiotic, immunology, genetic development ; Physical – sleep, body composition, energy availability, making weight, gender. Abstract : Resistance training is well known to induce adaptive changes in the morphology and architecture of human skeletal muscle, while also leading to adaptive changes in nervous system function (Aagaard 2003). As discussed below, these changes contribute to the marked increase in maximal contractile muscle force and power that can be seen with resistance (strength) training not only in athletes but also in previously untrained persons, including frail and very old (>80 yrs) adults and patients. Perhaps most importantly, the training induced improvements in skeletal muscle size/architecture and neuromuscular function are translated into improved athletic performance in younger adults while correspondingly leading to an enhanced functional capacity during activities of daily living in aging individuals and patients, respectively. Conference program session 2 - Pathology : Changes in muscle morphology, neuromuscular capacity and tendon function with training: implications for athletic performance, patient rehabilitation and aging individuals / Professor Per Aagaard, University of Southern Denmark -- When the neuroimmune system screams: Practical Applications of DIMs and SIMs / Associate Professor David Butler, Neuro Orthopaedic Institute and University of South Australia -- Molecular mechanisms causing common exercise-associated musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries / Professor Malcolm Collins, University of Cape Town -- Role of collagen to keep tendon structures strong and healthy / Dr Stephan Praet, Australian Institute of Sport -- •Questions and answers session / Pathology panel.